Ionic and water flow at the scales of nanometer and below. Next generation filtration membranes based on graphene.

Nanopore biophysics

Nanopore detection and analysis of DNA and proteins. Biopolymer detection

2D Materials

Electronic properties of 2D materials. Graphene composites for biomedical applications



  1. Crested two-dimensional transistors
    Tao Liu, Song Liu, Kun-Hua Tu, Henrik Schmidt, Leiqiang Chu, Du Xiang, Jens Martin, Goki Eda, Caroline A. Ross, Slaven Garaj
    Nature Nanotechnology 14, 223–226 (2019).
    doi: 10.1038/s41565-019-0361-x
  2. Chemically activated MoS2 for efficient hydrogen production
    Pei Zhang, HaiyanXiang, Li Tao, Hongjie Dong, Yige Zhou, Travis Shihao Hu, Xuli Chen, Song Liu, Shuangyin Wang, Slaven Garaj
    Nano Energy 56, 535-541 (2019).
    doi: 10.1016/j.nanoen.2018.12.045
  3. Defect engineered bioactive transition metals dichalcogenides quantum dots
    Xianguang Ding, Fei Peng, Jun Zhou, Wenbin Gong, Slaven Garaj, Kian Ping Loh, Chwee Teck Lim & David Tai Leong
    Nature Comm. 10, 41 (2019).
    doi: 10.1038/s41467-018-07835-1
  4. MoxW1−xS2 Graded Alloys: Growth and Optical Properties
    Kevin Bogaert, Song Liu, Tao Liu, Na Guo, Chun Zhang, Silvija Gradečak, Slaven Garaj
    Scientific Reports 8, 12889 (2018).
    doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-31220-z
  5. Size effect in ion transport through angstrom-scale slits
    A. Esfandiar, B. Radha, F. C. Wang, Q. Yang, S. Hu, S. Garaj, R. R. Nair, A. K. Geim, K. Gopinadhan
    Science 358, 511-513 (2017).
    doi: 10.1126/science.aan5275
  6. Directing Assembly and Disassembly of 2D MoS2 Nanosheets with DNA for Drug Delivery
    Bang Lin Li, Magdiel I. Setyawati, Linye Chen, Jianping Xie, Katsuhiko Ariga, Chwee-Teck Lim, Slaven Garaj , and David Tai Leong
    ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9, 15286–15296 (2017).
    doi: 10.1021/acsami.7b02529

    Nano Letter TOC

  7. Scalable Graphene-based Membranes for Ionic Sieving with Ultrahigh Charge Selectivity
    Seunghyun Hong, Charlotte Constans, Marcos Vinicius Surmani Martins, Yong Chin Seow, Juan Alfredo Guevara Carrió, Slaven Garaj
    Nano Letters 17, 728–732 (2017).
    doi: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b03837

  8. Molecular transport through capillaries made with atomic-scale precision
    B. Radha, A. Esfandiar, F. C. Wang, A. P. Rooney, K. Gopinadhan, A. Keerthi, A. Mishchenko, A. Janardanan, P. Blake, L. Fumagalli, M. Lozada-Hidalgo, S. Garaj, S. J. Haigh, I. V. Grigorieva, H. A. Wu, A. K. Geim
    Nature 538, 222–225 (2016).
    doi: 10.1038/nature19363

    Nature Issue

  9. Low-Dimensional Transition Metal Dichalcogenide Nanostructures Based Sensors
    Bang Lin Li, Jinping Wang, Hao Lin Zou, Slaven Garaj, Chwee Teck Lim, Jianping Xie, Nian Bing Li, David Tai Leong
    Advanced Functional Materials 26, 7034–7056 (2016).
    doi: 10.1002/adfm.201602136
  10. Diffusion-Mediated Synthesis of MoS2/WS2 Lateral Heterostructures
    Kevin Bogaert*, Song Liu*, Jordan Chesin, Denis Titow, Silvija Gradecak, Slaven Garaj
    Nano Letters 16, 5129−5134 (2016).
    doi: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b02057

    Nano Letter TOC

  11. Optofluidic Devices for Light Manipulation and Bio-sensing
    Yong Chin Seow, Song Liu, Senghyun Hong, Slaven Garaj
    Encyclopedia of Microfluidics and Nanofluidics, ed. Dongqing Li., 1-13 (Springer-Verlag, New York, 2014).
  12. Nucleic Acid Sequencing and Analysis with Nanopores.
    Slaven Garaj
    Nucleic Acid Nanotechnology, ed. J. Kjems, E. Ferapontova and V. Gothelf., 12192-12196 (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 2013).
    doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-38815-6_11
  13. Molecule-hugging graphene nanopores.
    Slaven Garaj, Song Liu, Jene A. Golovchenko, and Daniel Branton
    Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110, 12192-12196 (2013).
  14. Embedding a carbon nanotube across the diameter of a solid state nanopore.
    E.S. Sadki, S. Garaj, D. Vlassarev, J.A. Golovchenko, and D. Branton
    J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 29, 053001 (2011).
    [download PDF]
  15. Graphene synthesis by ion implantation.
    S. Garaj, W. Hubbard, and J. A. Golovchenko
    Applied Physics Letters 97, 183103 (2010)
    [ download PDF ]

  16. Graphene as a subnanometre trans-electrode membrane.
    S. Garaj, W. Hubbard, A. Reina, J. Kong, D. Branton, J. A. Golovchenko
    Nature 467, 190–193 (2010).
    (Featured in News & Views)
    Nature Graphene Cover

    Harvard press release: Graphene may hold key to speeding up DNA sequencing
  17. Probing surface charge fluctuations with solid-state nanopores.
    D. P. Hoogerheide, S. Garaj, and J. A. Golovchenko
    Physical Review Letters 102, 256804 (2009).
  18. The potential and challenges of nanopore sequencing.
    D. Branton, D.W. Deamer, A. Marziali, H. Bayley, S.A. Benner, T. Butler, M. Di Ventra, S. Garaj, A. Hibbs, X. Huang, S.B. Jovanovich, P.S. Krstic, S. Lindsay, X.S. Ling, C.H. Mastrangelo, A. Meller, J.S. Oliver, Y.V. Pershin, J.M. Ramsey, R. Riehn, G.V. Soni, V. Tabard-Cossa, M. Wanunu, M. Wiggin, J.A. Schloss
    Nature Biotechnology 26, 1146 (2008).
  19. Generalized Elliott-Yafet Theory of Electron Spin Relaxation in Metals: Origin of the Anomalous Electron Spin Lifetime in MgB2
    F. Simon, B. Dóra, F. Murányi, A. Jánossy, S. Garaj, L. Forró, S. Budko, C. Petrovic, and P. C. Canfield
    Physical Review Letters 101, 177003 (2008).
  20. NMR evidence for C-60 configurational fluctuations around Na sites in Na2CsC60
    P. Matus, H. Alloul, G. Kriza, V. Brouet, P.M. Singer, S. Garaj, L. Forró
    Journal of Supercondctivity and Novel Magnetism 20, 155-159 (2007)
  21. Influence of local fullerene orientation on the electronic properties of Na2AC60 (A=Cs,Rb,K) compounds
    P. Matus, H. Alloul, G. Kriza, V. Brouet, P.M. Singer, S. Garaj, L. Forró
    Physical Review B 74 pp. 214509 (2006)
  22. Gate-defined quantum dots on carbon nanotubes
    M.J. Biercuk, S. Garaj, N. Mason, J.M. Chow, C.M. Marcus
    Nano Letters 5, 1267-1271 (2005)
  23. Dielectric resonator-based resonant structure for sensitive ESR measurements at high hydrostatic pressures
    A. Sienkiewicz, B. Vileno, S. Garaj, M. Jaworski, L. Forró
    Journal of Magnetic Resonance 177, 278-290 (2005).
  24. Magnetic-field-induced density of states in MgB2: Spin susceptibility measured by conduction-electron spin resonance
    F. Simon, A. Janossy, T. Feher, F. Muranyi, S. Garaj, L. Forró, C. Petrovic, S. Budko, R. A. Ribeiro, P. C. Canfield
    Physical Review B 72, 012511 (2005).
  25. Electron delocalization and dimerization in solid C59N doped C60 fullerene
    A. Rockenbauer, G. Csanyi, F. Fulop, S. Garaj, L. Korecz, R. Lukacs, F. Simon, L. Forro, S. Pekker, A. Janossy
    Physical Review Letters 94, 066603 (2005).
  26. Fullerene local order in Na3CsC60 by Na-23 NMR
    P. Matus, H. Alloul, P. M. Singer, V. Brouet, G. Kriza, S. Garaj, L. Forró
    Applied Magnetic Resonance 27, 133-138 (2004).
  27. The polymer phase of the TDAE-C 60 organic ferromagnet
    S. Garaj, T. Kambe, L. Forró, A. Sienkiewicz, M. Fujiwara, K. Oshima
    Physical Review B 68, 144430 (2003)
  28. Temperature induced de-polymerization in TDAE-C60
    T. Kambe, S. Garaj, L. Forró, M. Fujiwara, K. Oshima
    Synthetic Metals 133, 697-698 (2003).
  29. Persistence of molecular excitations in metallic fullerides and their role in a possible metal to insulator transition at high temperatures
    V. Brouet, H. Alloul, S. Garaj, and L. Forró
    Physical Review B 66, 155124 (2002).
  30. Gaps and excitations in fullerides with partially filled bands: NMR study of Na2C60 and K4C60
    V. Brouet, H. Alloul, S. Garaj, and L. Forró
    Physical Review B 66, 155122 (2002).
  31. Mechanical Purification of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes from Catalytic Particles,
    L. Thien-Nga, K. Hernadi, E. Ljubovic, S. Garaj, and L. Forró
    Nano Letters 2, 1349 – 1352 (2002).
  32. Application of Electron Spin Resonance in Biophysics: from Rapid Mixing Stopped-Flow to High-Hydrostatic Pressure ESR
    A. Sienkiewicz, M. Jaworski, S. Garaj, L. Forró, C.P. Scholes
    Defect Diffus. F. 218, 1-17 (2002).
  33. Field emission properties of carbon nanohorn films,
    J.-M. Bonard, R. Gaal, S. Garaj, L. Thien-Nga, L. Forró, K. Takahashi, F. Kokai, M. Yudasaka, S. Iijima
    Journal of Applied Physics, 91, 10107 (2002).
  34. Instrumental recording of electrophonic sounds from Leonid fireballs
    G. Zgrablic, D. Vinkovic, S. Gradecak, K. Damir; N. Biliskov, N. Grbac, Z. Andreic, S. Garaj
    Journal of Geophysical Research 107, 10.1029/2001JA000310 (2002).
  35. Comment on “Low Temperature Magnetic Instabilities in Triply Charged Fulleride Polymers”
    F. Simon, S. Garaj, L. Forró
    Physical Review Letters 87, 12973 (2001).
  36. Anisotropy of Superconducting MgB2 as Seen in Electron Spin Resonance and Magnetization Data,
    F. Simon, A. Janossy, T. Feher F. Muranyi, S. Garaj, L. Forri, C. Petrovic, S.L. Budko, G. Lapertot, V.G. Kogan, P.C. Canfield
    Physical Review Letters 87, 047002 (2001).
  37. Role of Dynamic Jahn-Teller Distortions in Na2C60 and Na2CsC60 Studied by NMR,
    V. Brouet, H. Alloul, Thien-Nga Le, S. Garaj, L. Forró
    Physical Review Letters 86, 4680-4683 (2001).
  38. Azafullerene C59N, a stable free radical substituent in crystalline C60,
    F. Fulop, A. Rockenbauer, F. Simon, S. Pekker, L. Korecz, S. Garaj, A. Janossy
    Chemical Physics Letters 334, 233-237 (2001).
  39. Electronic properties of carbon nanohorns studied by ESR,
    S. Garaj, L. Thien-Nga, R. Gaal, L. Forró, K. Takahashi, F. Kokai, M. Yudasaka, S. Iijima
    Physical Review B 62, 17115-17119 (2000).
  40. ESR signal in Azafullerene (C59N)2 induced by thermal homolysis,
    F. Simon, D. Arcon, N. Tagmatarchis, S. Garaj, L. Forró, K. Prassides
    Journal of Physical Chemistry A 103, 6969-6971 (1999).